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专业术语/游泳运动(中英)

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阶梯增进 staircase
鱼尾式打腿 fishtail kick
游量 swimming load
曲臂划水 bent arm [elbow] pull
任意变速游 speed play; fartlek
分段成绩 split time
长距离游泳 (long-) distance swimming
手入水过深 digging
跳入水中 take the water
斜向蹬腿 diagonal thrust
露天游泳馆 open-air swimming pool
逆泳槽 swimmer’s treadmill
翻滚转身 flip-turn ; somersault turn
人工呼吸 artificial respiration; rescue breathing
踩水 treading water
抱(抓)水 catch; grip; purchase
反复划水 repeat pulls
鲨鱼皮”游泳服 Fastskin swim-suit
全面的游泳运动员 all-round swimmer
各就位! take your marks
浅水池 non-swimmers’pool
个人混合泳 individual medlley
仰泳打腿 back crawl kick
减距反复游 decreasing-distance repeats
呼吸困难 respiratory difficulty
深呼吸 deep breathing
出发池端 starting edge
高提肘划水 over the barrel
波浪式蛙泳 wave breaststroke
均匀呼吸 regular [even] breathing
游泳护目镜 swim goggles
冲刺练习 sprint work
转身裁判员 turning judge
反剪式打腿 reverse scissors kick
出发台 starting block [platform]
向下打腿 downbeat
泳道 lane
低头 drop the head
长划臂 long arm stroke
直臂划水 straight arm stroke
出发跳水 starting dive
中间成绩 intermediate time
前交叉(一臂等待另一臂) catch-up stroke
平转身 pivot turn
潜水 (skin)diving;underwater swimming
出发握手器 starting bar [grip]
姿势裁判员 stroke judge
水面线(蛙泳中头的位置) waterline
自由泳接力 freestyle relay
划水板 paddle
池端目标标志线 target line
迎面阻力 frontal[head-on] resistance
脚蹼 fins; flippers
浮标 buoy; float
呼吸侧手臂 breathing arm
爬泳 crawl (stroke)
蹬腿宽度 width of kick
非呼吸侧 non-breathing side
水上准备活动 warm-up swimming
呼气 breathe out;exhale
入水浅的跳水 shallow dive
等速反复游 straight set of repeats
训练呼吸的冲刺 wind sprint
半直线划水路线 modified straight line pull
护鼻塞 nose guard
闭气潜泳 holding-breath diving;diving with bated breath
全力计时游 all-out time trial
手蹼 webbed gloves
划水幅度 distance per storke
触池壁 touch
侧泳 sidestroke
呼吸急促 broken winded
吸气 breathe in;inhale
水感 feel of the water
分段 segment
早呼吸法 early breathing
慢速长游 long easy swimming
加速游 pick-up
闭[屏]气 hold one’s breath
两侧呼吸法 bilateral breathing
抓台式出发 grab start
剪式打腿 scissors kick
抓发拖带 hair carry
蝶泳运动员 butterfly swimmer;flyer
游程计算员 clerk of course
连续划臂动作 continuous strokes
入水前准备活动 pre-water exercise
划水一周的打腿次数 beats perstroke
深端 deep end
直线划水路线 straight through pull
划水(臂) (arm) pull;stroke; paddle
流线型姿势 streamlined position
恢复性游 wake-up swim
放松游 easy [loosening-down]swim
俯卧漂浮姿势 prone float
转身标志线 turn indicator
直上直下打腿 kick up and down
池缘 curb; deck edge
个人混合泳运动员 individual medleyist
短池比赛 short-course meet
强度游 effort swim
氯化器 chlorinator
分道线 lane[course]rope
短于主项距离的游泳 underdistance swimming
沉肘划水 dropped elbow pull
过早出发 beat the gun
快速打腿 sprinting kick
俯仰交替游 spinning swim
手臂出水 overarm ; overhand
侧转身 lateral turn
立定出发 stationary start
侧面呼吸 side breathing
海豚泳 dolphin
两臂同时划水 double overarm
混合泳接力 medley relay
等速游 even-pace swimming
深水池 deep pool; swimmers’pool
向上打腿 upbeat
打水板 flutter [kick] board
转身犯规 illegal turn
触板 touch board [panel]
梯形游 locomotive; pyramid
四次划臂呼吸法 four-stroke breathing
潜水运动员 diver
手伸得过远 overreaching
蝶泳 butterfiy
憋气 labored breathing
水平转身 horizontal turn
水温 water temperature
带游;速度诱导 pacemaking; pacesetting
入水臂 leading arm
搅动水面 churn the surface
接力中的交接 relay change;takeover
手臂交叉动作 scything arm action
划水动作效率 stroke efficiency
终点裁判员 finishing [placing] judge
两腿交替蹬水 bicycle pedaling
身体中线 center [medium] line of the body
躯干位置 trunk position
正常呼吸法 normal breathing
收腿 recovery of the leg
有节奏的呼吸 rhythmical breathing
耐力游 endurance swimming
臂部动作 arm movement
逐个加快反复游组 progressive sets
海豚式打腿 dolphin kick
游程 course
高航式蛙泳 high sail breaststroke
中距离游泳 middle-distance swimming
两次交叉打水 two-beat crossover kick
仰卧姿势 back floating position
出发信号 starting signal
曲线动作 circular motion
窄蹬腿 narrow [whip] kick
非呼吸侧手臂 non-breathing arm
混合泳 medlry stroke
身后漩涡阻力 eddy resistance; tail suction
间歇训练 interval training
变速游练习 alternating slow-fast set
浮具 buoying device
逐个加快和逐个减慢交替游组 alternating progressive-regressive set
游泳运动员 swimmer
分段游组 broken set
蛙泳蹬腿 breastatroke [frog;thrust] kick
俯卧姿势 face down;prone position
扣颈拖带 neck carry
单臂出水侧游 northern stroke;overarm sidestroke
电子计时触板 electronic timing pad
短池 short course
套身游泳服 full-body swimwear
直上直下两次打腿 straight twobeat kick
侵入水面 submerge
出发犯规 false [illegal] start
接力游泳 relay swim
浅呼吸 shallow breathing
快游间歇训练 fast interval training
蛙泳 breaststroke
向下压水 downward press
仰泳 backstroke;back crawl
超主项距离的游泳 over-distance swimming
出发时的蹬腿 takeoff kick
两臂交替划水 alternate arm [hand-over-hand] stroke
换气 change breath
短距离比赛 sprint;dash
交叉打腿 crossover kick
两次划臂呼吸法 two-stroke breathing
超长距离游泳(马拉松式)游泳 ultradistance [marathon] swimming
浅端 shallow end
蹬壁 pushoff
有看台的游泳馆 swimming stadium
出发姿势 starting position
慢游间歇训练 slow interval training
宽蹬腿 wedge kick
打(踢)水 kick
快频率动作 racing stroke
回表 clear watches
水的压力 water pressure
弓背(身) arch the back
划水错误动作 stroke defect
交替打腿 alternate [flutter] kick
移臂 recover of the arm
中速游 moderate effort swimming
池底标志线 bottom line
记趟裁判员 lap counter
池端 end wall
两侧蹬腿 lateral thrust
手腿配合 arm-leg relationship
反复打腿 repeat kicks
划水周期 arm cycle
浮在水面 keep afloat
呼吸侧 breathing side
自由泳 freestyle;free stroke
蹬腿[水] leg drive [push]
晚吸气 late [delayed] breathing
爆发式吸气 explosive breathing
呼吸控制 breathing rate
抬头(呼吸时) lift the head
两次打腿 two-beat kick
时起时伏(在水中) ducking;undulation
渡峡游泳 channel swimming
前胸拖带 cross-chest carry
室内游泳馆 indoor pool; natato-rium
向后蹬腿 kick backward
综合反复游组 mixed set of repeats
游泳姿势 swimming stroke
双臂仰泳 double overarm backstroke