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原文 译文
轻集料 Lightweight aggregates
角点法 corner-points method
温度效应 Temperature effects
正切弹性模量 Tangent modulus of elasticity
冷弯试验 cold bend inspection of steelbar
截面弯曲刚度 flexural rigidity of section
偏心距增大系数 amplified coefficient of eccentricity
高强度螺栓摩擦面抗滑移系数 against slip coefficient between friction surface of high-strength bolted connection
半自动焊接 semi-automatic welding
粒状棉 Granulated wood
应力路径法 stress path method
勃来恩细度 Blaine fineness
安息角 angle of repose
振动成型工艺 Vibro-moulding process
不平衡推理传递法 unbalanced thrust transmission method
纽马克感应图 Newmark chart
砌体摩擦系数 friction coefficient of masonry
疲劳容许应力幅 allowable stress range of fatigue
水玻璃模数 Modulus of water-glass
核心筒悬挂结构 core tube supported structure
C-S-H中的层间空间 Interlayer space in C-S-H
时间对数拟合法 logrithm of time fitting method
复合硅酸盐水泥 Composite portland cement
广义冯・米赛斯屈服准则 extended von Mises yield criterion
钢筋混凝土柱帽 cap of reinforced concrete column
砂沸 sand boiling
拉伸应变 Tensile strain
摩擦圆法 friction circle method
双轴向性质 Biaxial behavior
钙矾石 Ettringite
空间性能影响系数 influence coefficient for spacial action
内蕴时间塑性模型 endochronic plastic model
结构构件起拱 camber of structural member
叠接(搭接) lap connectlon
临塑荷载 critical edge pressure
修正剑桥模型 modified cambridge model
絮状结构 flocculent structure
陆相沉积 continental sedimentation
聚苯乙烯(PS) Polystyrene
纵向焊缝 longitudinal weld
剑桥模型 Cambridge model
压蒸法 Autoclave expansion test
文克尔地基模型 Winkler foundation model
拉特屈服准则 Lade yield criterion
扭剪型高强度螺栓 tor-shear type high-strength bolt
水化热 Heat of hydration
弹性半空间地基模型 elastic half-space foundation model
复合绝热层 Composite insulation
莫来石凝胶 Tobermorite gel
自重应力 self-weight stress
断裂构造 fracture structure
风荷载标准值 characteristi cvalue o fwindload
无水石膏(硬石膏) Anhydrite
发泡剂 Blowing agent
组合砖砌体构件 composite brick masonry member
轴心受压性能 Axial compressive property
石棉绝热制品 Asbestos insulation
加筋法 reinforcement method
压花玻璃 Figured glass
悬壁式挡土墙 cantilever sheet pile wall
总应力破坏包线 total stress failure envelope
材料强度标准值 charaeteristic value of material strength
高压釜膨胀试验 Autoclave expansion test
横纹承压强度 compressive strength perpendicular to grain
玻璃棉 Glass wool
水泥胶砂流动度 Flow of cement mortar
井阻 well resistance
材料强度设计值 designvalue of material strength
凝胶/空隙比 Gel/space ratio
预制混凝土构件 precast reinforced concrete member
抗震设计 earthquake-resistant design
重集料 Heavyweight aggregate
静弹性模量 Static modulus
气干材 air-dried timber
基本风压 wind reference pressure
填板门 filler plate
本构模型 constitutive model
手工焊接 manual welding
摩尔-库仑屈服准则 Mohr-Coulomb yield criterion
围限地下水 confined ground water
配筋砌体结构 reinforced masonry structure
有效应力原理 principle of effective stress
冰积层 glacial deposit
构件长期刚度 long term rigidity of member
三相图 block diagram, skeletal diagram, three phase diagram
集料孔隙率 Aggregate porosity
结构用胶性能检验 inspection for properties of glue used in structural member
砖砌体 Brick setting
表层压密法 surface compaction
流动规则 flow rule
销连接 dowelled joint
纤维水泥 Fiber cement
刚塑性模型 rigid plastic model
成束筒结构 bundled tube structure
无缝钢管 seamless steel pipe
伏斯列夫参数 Hvorslev parameter
硅酸钙绝热制品 Calcium silicate insulation
聚酯塑料 Polyester plastics
钢筋接头 bar splice
高炉矿渣波特兰水泥 Portland blast-furnace slag cement
时间因子 time factor
热处理钢筋 heat tempering bar
受压木构件容许长细比 allowable slenderness ratio of timber compression member
刮尺 Bull-float
中抗硫酸盐 Moderate sulfate resistance
铰轴支座 hinge support
分离式钢柱 separated steel column
架立钢筋 auxiliary steel bar
塑性收缩 Plastic shrinkage
库仑土压力理论 Coulomb 's earth pressure theory
终凝时间 final setting time
辐裂 radial check
冲剪破坏 punching shear failure
活性混合材 Active addition
维勃试验 Vebe test
压型钢板楼板 composite floor with profiled steel sheet
临界状态弹塑性模型 critical state elastoplastic model
角焊缝有效厚度 effective thickness of fillet weld
发泡能力 Bubbing potential
冷轧钢 Cold rolled steel
圆弧分析法 circular arc analysis
活荷载折减系数 reducing coefficient of liveload
铆钉连接 riveted connecction
绸度 Consistency
换填法 cushion
砂浆分层度 coursing degree of mortar
应力波 stress waves in soils
临界水力梯度 critical hydraulic gradient
岩爆 rock burst
泡沫塑料(多孔塑料) Cellular(foamed)plastics
计算倾覆点 calculating overturning point
制动构件 brake member
线膨胀系数 linear expansion coeffcient
建筑石膏 Plaster of paris
化学沉积岩 chemical sedimentary rock
瞬时沉降 immediate settlement
风荷载体型系数 shapefactorofwindload
大模板结构 large-form cocrete structure
拆模 Formwork removal
短加劲肋 short stiffener
热天浇筑混凝土 Hot-weather concreting
无筋钢丝网水泥 All mesh ferrocement
弹塑性增量理论 incremental elastoplastic theory
构件挠度容许值 allowable value of deflection of structural member
试验筛 Test sieve
曼代尔-克雷尔效应 Mandel-Cryer effect
构件抗扭刚度 torsional stiffness of member
梯形屋架 trapezoid roof truss
残积土 eluvial soil, residual soil
试饼法 Pat test
悬壁式板桩墙 cantilever sheet pile wall
空斗墙 cavity wall
吊车水平荷载标准值 characteristic value of horizontal crane load
翼缘板 frange plate
孔洞 cavitation
中热 Moderate heat of hydration
玻纤网 Glass geogrid
钢筋性能检验 inspection for properties of steelbar
隔汽层 Vapour barrier,water vapour retarder
流变学模型 rheological model
标准筛 Stand sieve
块体空心率 hollow ratio of masonry unit
竖向支撑 vertical bracing
强轴 main axis
水泥砂浆 cement mortar
建筑抗震设计 aseismic design
临界压力 Critical stress
针状晶体 Needle crystal
扶垛式挡土墙 counterfort retaining wall
欧拉临界力 euler's critical load
库仑方程 Coulomb 's equation
加筋土挡墙 reinforced earth bulkhead
构件抗弯刚度 flexural stiffness of member
壳体基础 shell foundation
砌体强度标准值 characteristic value of masonry strength
极限平衡状态 state of limit equilibrium
塑钢窗 Plastic-steel window
层状撕裂 lamellar tearing
凝胶孔 Gel pores
柯西弹性模型 Cauchy elastic model
自动焊接 automatic welding
中热硅酸盐水泥 Moderate heat portland cement
四边支承板 four sides(edges)supported plate
边界面模型 boundary surface model
维卡仪 Needle penetrometer
粘结强度 Bond strength
变形钢筋,螺纹钢 Deformed bar
方镁石 Periclase
有侧移框架 frame with sidesway
装饰砂浆 Decoration mortar
蒸汽养护 Steam curing
C-S-H中的层间水 Interlayer water in C-S-H
终凝 Final set
费伦纽斯条分法 Fellenius method of slices
收缩系数 Coefficient of shrinkage
弹性平衡状态 state of elastic equilibrium
三角锥体网架 triangular pyramid space grids
可变作用标准值 characteristic value of variable action
冲刷风化、剥蚀 Erosion
纵向加劲肋 longitudinal stiffener
间断级配材料 Gap-graded aggregate
湿陷系数 coefficient of collapsibility
朗肯土压力理论 Rankine' s earth pressure theory
雪荷载标准值 characteristic value of snowload
缀板 batten plate
复合箍筋 compound stirrup
德鲁克-普拉格准则 Drucker-Prager criterion
单轴抗拉强度 uniaxial tension test
粉体喷射深层搅拌法 powder deep mixing method
组合屋架 composite roof truss
夹皮 bark pocket
聚苯乙烯泡沫塑料 Cellular(foamed)polystyrene
物板桩结构 sheet pile structure
受力裂缝 Stressed crack
钢筋锚固长度 anchorage length of steel bar
构件平整度 degree of plainness for structural memer
挠曲二阶效应 second order effect due to displacement
土工垫 Geomat
振动-真空脱水工艺 Vibrating vacuum-dewater process
集料松散容重 Aggregate bulk density
不排水抗剪强度 undrained shear strength
双肢柱 double component concrete column
弹塑性模量矩阵 elastoplastic
喷浆工艺 Shotereting process
界限偏心距 balanced eccentricity
混凝土深梁 reinforced concrete deep beam
扬布普遍条分法 Janbu general slice method
无侧限抗压强度 unconfined compression strength
半水化物 Hemihydrate
材料弹性模量 elasticity modulus of materials
松岗元-中井屈服准则 Matsuoka-Nakai yield criterion
自应力 Magnitude of self-stress
砌体质量检验 quality inspection of masonry
初凝时间 presetting time
倒梁法 inverted beam method
混凝土轴心抗拉标准值 characteristic value of concrete tensile strength
比热阻(热导率的倒数) Areal thermal resistance(specific thermal resistance)
柱间支撑 column bracing
割线模量 secant modulus
水泥混合材 Addition of cement
轻骨料混凝土 light weight aggregate concrete
构造配筋 detailing reintorcement
盖板 cover plate
临界集料尺寸 Critical aggregate size
界限受压区高度 balanced depth of compression zone
砌筑砂浆 Masonry mortar
装配整体式混凝土结构 assembled monolithic concrete structure
火山玻璃 Volcanic glass
砌块砌体结构 block masonry structure
钢材强度标准值 characteristic value of strength of steel
横向水平支撑 transverse horizontal bracing
框架结构 frame structure
无缝钢管 seamless steel tube
深井点 deep well point
钢管混凝土构件 concrete-filled steel tubular member
汉森地基承载力公式 Hansen 's ultimate bearing capacity formula
年粘土矿物 clay minerals
毕肖普法 Bishop method
受压区高度 depth of compression zone
震动模压工艺 Vibrating stamping process
缀条 lacing bar
砖砌体结构 brick masonry structure
基床系数 coefficient of subgrade reaction
承载能极限状态验证 verification of ultimate limit states
支承加劲肋 bearing stiffener
砂浆性能检验 inspection for properties of mortar
边坡稳定安全系数 safety factor of slope
墙面垂直度 degree of gravity vertical forwall surface
楼层侧移刚度 lateral displacement stiffness of storey
聚丙烯(PP) Polypropylene
延性框架 ductile frame
充盈系数 fullness coefficient
拉特-邓肯模型 Lade-Duncan model
土工模袋 Fabriform
混凝土稠度 concrete consistence
木质磺酸盐 Lignosulfonate
砖筒拱 cylindrical brick arch
波动方程分析 Wave equation analysis
成组立模工艺 Battery-mold process
剪跨比 ratio of shear span to effective depth of section
电渗法 electro-osmotic drainage
海积层 marine deposit
聚氨脂泡沫塑料 Cellular(foamed)polyurethane
理想弹塑性模型 ideal elastoplastic model
螺栓连接质量检验 quality inspection of bolted connection
广义特雷斯卡屈服准则 extended tresca yield criterion
齿深 depth of notch
引气减水剂 Air entraining and water-reducing admixture
筒中筒结构 tube in tube structure
休止角 angle of repose
粒度分布 Particle size distribution
齿承压面 bearing plane of notch
软化点试验 Softening point test
基底附加应力 net foundation pressure
弯起钢筋 bent-up steel bar
布西涅斯克解 Boussinnesq 's solution
超塑化外加剂 Superplasticized admixture
火山灰质波特兰水泥 Portland pozzolan cement
冷拉钢筋 Cold-drawn reinforcement bar
软木绝热制品 Cork insulation
膨胀水泥混凝土 Expansive cement concrete
连肢墙 coupled wall
一维固结 one dimensional consolidation
限定粒径 constrained diameter
太沙基承载力理论 Terzaghi bearing capacity theory
角焊缝有效面积 effective area of fillet weld
动力布西涅斯克解 dynamic solution of Boussinesq
火山灰质反应 Pozzolanic reaction
钢筋拉应变限值 allowable ultimate tensile strain of reinforcement
空气渗透率 Air permeability(Air penetration coefficient)
配筋率 reinforcement ratio
横向分布钢筋 transversely distributed steelbar
加筋间距 Bar spacing
水泥净浆标准绸度 Normal consistency of cement paste
超弹性模型 hyperelastic model
有效应力法 effective stress approach of shear strength
灌浆法 grouting
快速强度试验 Accelerated strength testing
残余孔隙水压力 residual pore water pressure
被动土压力系数 coefficient of passive earth pressure
砂浆稠度 consistency of mortar
负孔隙水压力 negative pore
空腹屋架 vierendal roof truss
气孔 blow hole
速凝剂 Accelerating agent
阿勃拉姆规则 Abram's rule
太沙基固结理论 Terzaghi s consolidation theory
下撑式组合粱 down-stayed composite beam
水淬,骤冷 Quench
泡沫橡胶 Cellular(foamed)rubber
柔性连接 flexible connection
环形焊缝 circumferential weld
混凝干收缩 shrinkage of concrete
墙面平整度 degree of plainness for wall surface
含气量 air content
静止土压力 earth pressue at rest
瑞典圆弧滑动法 Swedish circle method
三角形屋架 triangular roof truss
挤淤法 displacement method
压密系数 coefficient of consolidation
焊条 covered electrode
三相土 tri-phase soil
鲍格方程式 Bogue equations
分层总和法 layerwise summation method
石棉纤维 Asbestos fibres
封闭空气间层 Air space insulation
高铝水泥 High-alumina cement
焊缝质量级别 quality grade of weld
高压釜 Autoclave
胶合接头 glued joint
双剪应力屈服模型 twin shear stress yield criterion
松香皂树脂 Vinsol resin
次固结系数 coefficient of secondary consolidation
引气剂 Air Entrain Admixture
热摩奇金法 Zemochkin 's method
硅化法 silicification
清华弹塑性模型 Tsinghua elastoplastic model
无侧移框架 frame without sidesway
沥青针入度测定法 Bitumen-determination of penetration
颗粒绝热材料 Granular(powder)insulation
海相沉积 marine deposit
碱-集料反应 Alkali-aggregate reaction
各向同性材料 Isotropic materials
超静孔隙水压力 excess pore water pressure
明德林解 Mindlin 's solution
回弹曲线 rebound curve
无筋砌体构件 masonry member
低碳钢丝 Iron wire
截面扭转刚度 torsional rigidity of section
斜纹承压强度 compressive strength at an angle with slope of grain
应力集中 Stress concentration
泡沫矿渣 Foamed slag
高炉矿渣 Blast-furnace slag
最优含水量 optimum water content
刻痕钢丝 indented wire
曲率系数 coefficient of curvature
吊车梁 crane girder
梁端有效支承长度 effective supporting length at end of beam
脆性材料 Brittle material
螺栓连接钢结构 bolted steel structure
粘合剂 Binder bonding agent
骨料 aggregate
圈梁 ring beam
盖帽模型 cap model
原木结构 log timberstructure
附加应力 superimposed stress
磷酸盐 Phosphate
范德华力 Vander Wale force
玻璃纤维增强塑料 Glassfiber Reinforced Plastics
静定分析法(浅基础) static analysis (shallow foundation)
抗震结构层间位移角限值 allowable value of drift angle of earthquake resistant structure
承压水 confined water
高效减水剂 Superplasticizer admixture
多孔混凝土 Cellular concrete
膨胀矿渣集料 Expanded slag aggregate
钢构件变形容许值 allowable value of deformation of steel member
临界饱和度 Critical degree of saturation
缀材(缀件) lacing and batten elements
表面起砂 Surface dusting
膨胀蛭石 Expanded vermiculite
装配式混凝土结构 prefabricated concrete structure
砌体材料最低强度等级 minimum strength class of masonry
均布活标载标准值 characteristic value of uniformly distributed live load
有效应力 effective stress
配筋率 ratio of reinforcement
反分析法 back analysis method
最大集料粒径 Maximum aggregate size
无铰拱 hingeless arch
纤维混凝仁 fiber concrete
弹性地基梁 elastic foundation beam
弯曲应力 Bend stress
换算截面面积 area of transformed section
轴心受拉性能 Axial tensive property
土工复合排水材 Glass geogrid
受弯木构件挠度容许值 allowable value of deflection of timber bending member
应力强度因素 Stress intensity factor
玻璃纤维增强塑料 Fiber-glass reinforced plastics
中和轴高度 depth of neutral axis
拉捍拱 arch with tie rod
组合构件 compostle member
重混凝土 Heavyweight concrete
破损试验 destructive test
年粘弹性模型 viscoelastic model
摩尔-库仑理论 Mohr-Coulomb theory
龟裂 map cracking
铰接 hinged connection
截面尺寸限值 limiting value for sectional dimension
铁铝酸盐水泥熟料 Aluminoferic cement clinker
钻芯试验 Core tests
泰勒法 Taylor method
片筏基础 mat foundation
内蕴时间塑性理论 endochronic theory
砖砌体柱 brick masonry column
拔出试验 Pull-out test
聚酯树脂(PR) Polyester Resin
桁架拱 trussed rafter
钢构件容许长细比 allowable slenderness ratio of steel member
混凝土柱 concrete column
魏锡克极限承载力公式 Vesic' s ultimate bearing capacity formula
钙塑绝热板 Calcium-resin insulating board
库尔曼图解法 Culmannn construction
达西定律 Darcy' s law
刚性支座连续梁 rigidly supported continous girder
耐磨性 resistance to abrasion
游离水 free water
双曲线模型 hyperbolic model
亲水与憎水 Hydrophilic and hydrophobic
切线模量 tangent modulus
横向焊缝 transverse weld
绝热板 Board(block)insulation
准弹性模型 hypoelastic model
低碱水泥 Low PH value cement
闪凝(瞬间凝结) Flash set
防锈剂 Auti-corrosion Admixture
吊筋 hanging steel bar
缓凝减水剂 Set retarding and water-reducing admixture
初始正切模量 Initial tangent modulus
裂缝宽度容许值 allowable value of crack width
地震作用标准值 characteristic value of earthquake action
重力荷载代表值 representative value of gravity load
弹性地基板 elastic foundation plate
太沙基-伦杜列克扩散方程 Terzaghi-Rendulic diffusion equation
纤维增强混凝土 Fiber-reinforced concrete
回弹变形 rebound deformation
箱形基础 box foundation
井字梁 cross beam
铆钉连接质量检验 quality inspection of riveted connection
混凝土轴心抗压强度标准值 characteristic value of concrete compressive strength
劈裂强度 Splitting strength
缩聚反应 Condensation polymerization
珍珠岩 Perlite
表面水 Surface moisture
落球试验法 Ball impact test
剪面面积 area of shear plane
单向度压密 one-dimensional consolidation
型钢 section steel
流滑 flow slide
非蒸发水 Non-evaporable water
液性指数 liquidity index
比阻尼容量 specific gravity capacity
缓凝剂 Set retarder admixture
弹性地基梁(板)分析 analysis of beams and slabs on elastic foundation
吊车竖向荷载标准值 characteristic value of vertical crane load
粉煤灰 Fly ash
风振系数 wind fluttering factor
标准冻深 standard frost penetration
层板胶合结构 glued laminated timber structure
预应力传递长度 transmission length of prestress
地震等效均匀剪应力 equivalent even shear stress of earthquake
深层沉降观测 deep settlement measurement
静力触探试验 static cone penetration test
托换技术 underpinning technique
动力触探试验 dynamic penetration test
等效集总参数法 constant strain rate consolidation test
跨孔试验 cross-hole test
锚杆静压桩托换 anchor pile underpinning
质量-弹簧-阻尼器系统 mass-spring-dushpot system
基础振动半空间理论 elastic half-space theory of foundation vibr ation
对数递减率 logrithmic decrement
支承长度限值 limiting value for supporting length
湿陷起始应力 initial collapse pressure
斯宾赛法 Spencer method
局部水化 Topochemical hydration
朗肯状态 Rankine state
构件变形容许值 allowable value of deformation of structural member
有粘结预应力混凝土结构 bonded prestressed concrete structure
假凝 False set
常水头渗透试验 constant head permeability test
块体性能检验 inspection for properties of masnory units
抗冻融性 resistance to freezing and thawing
普朗特承载力理论 Prandel bearing capacity theory
混凝土浅梁 reinforced concrete slender beam
钢筋搭接长度 lapped length of steel bar
化铁高炉渣 Iron blast-furnace slag
重力式挡土墙 gravity retaining wall
剪胀 dilatation
平衡含水率 equilibrium moisture content
纤维增强塑料 Fiber reinforced plastics
格构式钢柱 laced of battened compression member
鼓泡 Air pockets
吊车荷载 crane load
层向各向同性体模型 cross anisotropic model
纵向钢筋 longitudinal steel bar
摩尔包线 Mohr' s envelope
湿法筛分,湿筛析 Wet screening
十字板剪切试验 vane shear test
强夯法 dynamic compaction
振冲密实法 vibro-compaction
劈裂灌浆 fracture grouting
坑式托换 pit underpinning
梅耶霍夫极限承载力公式 Meyerhof 's ultimate bearing capacity formula
排水固结法 consolidation
深层搅拌法 deep mixing method
预浸水法 presoaking
碱液法 soda solution grouting
地震反应谱 earthquake response spectrum
真三轴仪 true triaxial apparatus
标准贯入试验 standard penetration test
动基床反力法 dynamic subgrade reaction method
无损检测 nondestructive testing
软土地基 soft clay ground
旁压试验 pressurementer test