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原文 译文
弹塑性模量矩阵 elastoplastic
活性混合材 Active addition
土工复合排水材 Glass geogrid
螺栓连接质量检验 quality inspection of bolted connection
安息角 angle of repose
加筋法 reinforcement method
热天浇筑混凝土 Hot-weather concreting
疲劳容许应力幅 allowable stress range of fatigue
软木绝热制品 Cork insulation
边界面模型 boundary surface model
最优含水量 optimum water content
铁铝酸盐水泥熟料 Aluminoferic cement clinker
火山灰质反应 Pozzolanic reaction
铰接 hinged connection
有效应力法 effective stress approach of shear strength
盖板 cover plate
本构模型 constitutive model
文克尔地基模型 Winkler foundation model
组合屋架 composite roof truss
应力波 stress waves in soils
反分析法 back analysis method
应力集中 Stress concentration
割线模量 secant modulus
内蕴时间塑性模型 endochronic plastic model
年粘弹性模型 viscoelastic model
动基床反力法 dynamic subgrade reaction method
振冲密实法 vibro-compaction
纵向焊缝 longitudinal weld
C-S-H中的层间水 Interlayer water in C-S-H
刮尺 Bull-float
颗粒绝热材料 Granular(powder)insulation
成组立模工艺 Battery-mold process
组合砖砌体构件 composite brick masonry member
跨孔试验 cross-hole test
水玻璃模数 Modulus of water-glass
齿承压面 bearing plane of notch
高压釜膨胀试验 Autoclave expansion test
叠接(搭接) lap connectlon
准弹性模型 hypoelastic model
中和轴高度 depth of neutral axis
真三轴仪 true triaxial apparatus
化铁高炉渣 Iron blast-furnace slag
标准冻深 standard frost penetration
纤维增强混凝土 Fiber-reinforced concrete
电渗法 electro-osmotic drainage
缓凝剂 Set retarder admixture
双剪应力屈服模型 twin shear stress yield criterion
蒸汽养护 Steam curing
泡沫塑料(多孔塑料) Cellular(foamed)plastics
材料强度设计值 designvalue of material strength
库尔曼图解法 Culmannn construction
吊车水平荷载标准值 characteristic value of horizontal crane load
壳体基础 shell foundation
时间对数拟合法 logrithm of time fitting method
三相图 block diagram, skeletal diagram, three phase diagram
预应力传递长度 transmission length of prestress
曼代尔-克雷尔效应 Mandel-Cryer effect
角焊缝有效厚度 effective thickness of fillet weld
方镁石 Periclase
湿陷起始应力 initial collapse pressure
中抗硫酸盐 Moderate sulfate resistance
絮状结构 flocculent structure
膨胀矿渣集料 Expanded slag aggregate
汉森地基承载力公式 Hansen 's ultimate bearing capacity formula
填板门 filler plate
强轴 main axis
均布活标载标准值 characteristic value of uniformly distributed live load
地震反应谱 earthquake response spectrum
广义特雷斯卡屈服准则 extended tresca yield criterion
构件挠度容许值 allowable value of deflection of structural member
聚丙烯(PP) Polypropylene
砂浆分层度 coursing degree of mortar
冲刷风化、剥蚀 Erosion
地震等效均匀剪应力 equivalent even shear stress of earthquake
重混凝土 Heavyweight concrete
受压区高度 depth of compression zone
半水化物 Hemihydrate
朗肯状态 Rankine state
手工焊接 manual welding
成束筒结构 bundled tube structure
柱间支撑 column bracing
聚酯塑料 Polyester plastics
负孔隙水压力 negative pore
深层搅拌法 deep mixing method
平衡含水率 equilibrium moisture content
柯西弹性模型 Cauchy elastic model
玻璃纤维增强塑料 Glassfiber Reinforced Plastics
塑钢窗 Plastic-steel window
抗冻融性 resistance to freezing and thawing
聚苯乙烯泡沫塑料 Cellular(foamed)polystyrene
抗震设计 earthquake-resistant design
砖砌体柱 brick masonry column
粉体喷射深层搅拌法 powder deep mixing method
回弹变形 rebound deformation
楼层侧移刚度 lateral displacement stiffness of storey
软化点试验 Softening point test
重集料 Heavyweight aggregate
防锈剂 Auti-corrosion Admixture
块体性能检验 inspection for properties of masnory units
水淬,骤冷 Quench
封闭空气间层 Air space insulation
装配式混凝土结构 prefabricated concrete structure
等效集总参数法 constant strain rate consolidation test
绝热板 Board(block)insulation
角焊缝有效面积 effective area of fillet weld
结构用胶性能检验 inspection for properties of glue used in structural member
高强度螺栓摩擦面抗滑移系数 against slip coefficient between friction surface of high-strength bolted connection
轻骨料混凝土 light weight aggregate concrete
被动土压力系数 coefficient of passive earth pressure
盖帽模型 cap model
截面弯曲刚度 flexural rigidity of section
边坡稳定安全系数 safety factor of slope
粘结强度 Bond strength
隔汽层 Vapour barrier,water vapour retarder
摩尔-库仑屈服准则 Mohr-Coulomb yield criterion
空气渗透率 Air permeability(Air penetration coefficient)
总应力破坏包线 total stress failure envelope
压蒸法 Autoclave expansion test
玻璃棉 Glass wool
预浸水法 presoaking
组合构件 compostle member
分层总和法 layerwise summation method
静力触探试验 static cone penetration test
空腹屋架 vierendal roof truss
流动规则 flow rule
标准筛 Stand sieve
普朗特承载力理论 Prandel bearing capacity theory
扭剪型高强度螺栓 tor-shear type high-strength bolt
试验筛 Test sieve
聚酯树脂(PR) Polyester Resin
轴心受压性能 Axial compressive property
剑桥模型 Cambridge model
拉捍拱 arch with tie rod
混凝干收缩 shrinkage of concrete
压密系数 coefficient of consolidation
钢管混凝土构件 concrete-filled steel tubular member
纵向钢筋 longitudinal steel bar
泡沫矿渣 Foamed slag
剪胀 dilatation
含气量 air content
应力路径法 stress path method
维卡仪 Needle penetrometer
构件抗扭刚度 torsional stiffness of member
非蒸发水 Non-evaporable water
集料松散容重 Aggregate bulk density
墙面垂直度 degree of gravity vertical forwall surface
震动模压工艺 Vibrating stamping process
游离水 free water
角点法 corner-points method
珍珠岩 Perlite
承载能极限状态验证 verification of ultimate limit states
一维固结 one dimensional consolidation
临界集料尺寸 Critical aggregate size
凝胶/空隙比 Gel/space ratio
砌体摩擦系数 friction coefficient of masonry
砌筑砂浆 Masonry mortar
钢筋混凝土柱帽 cap of reinforced concrete column
超静孔隙水压力 excess pore water pressure
高铝水泥 High-alumina cement
基础振动半空间理论 elastic half-space theory of foundation vibr ation
勃来恩细度 Blaine fineness
凝胶孔 Gel pores
箱形基础 box foundation
火山玻璃 Volcanic glass
化学沉积岩 chemical sedimentary rock
范德华力 Vander Wale force
弹性地基梁(板)分析 analysis of beams and slabs on elastic foundation
水泥净浆标准绸度 Normal consistency of cement paste
倒梁法 inverted beam method
超塑化外加剂 Superplasticized admixture
休止角 angle of repose
残积土 eluvial soil, residual soil
混凝土轴心抗压强度标准值 characteristic value of concrete compressive strength
结构构件起拱 camber of structural member
层状撕裂 lamellar tearing
孔洞 cavitation
三角锥体网架 triangular pyramid space grids
高炉矿渣波特兰水泥 Portland blast-furnace slag cement
局部水化 Topochemical hydration
构件长期刚度 long term rigidity of member
泡沫橡胶 Cellular(foamed)rubber
换算截面面积 area of transformed section
摩擦圆法 friction circle method
鼓泡 Air pockets
建筑石膏 Plaster of paris
基本风压 wind reference pressure
强夯法 dynamic compaction
纤维水泥 Fiber cement
低碳钢丝 Iron wire
水泥混合材 Addition of cement
高压釜 Autoclave
火山灰质波特兰水泥 Portland pozzolan cement
断裂构造 fracture structure
残余孔隙水压力 residual pore water pressure
圈梁 ring beam
锚杆静压桩托换 anchor pile underpinning
风荷载体型系数 shapefactorofwindload
砂浆性能检验 inspection for properties of mortar
速凝剂 Accelerating agent
复合硅酸盐水泥 Composite portland cement
龟裂 map cracking
塑性收缩 Plastic shrinkage
各向同性材料 Isotropic materials
压花玻璃 Figured glass
核心筒悬挂结构 core tube supported structure
自重应力 self-weight stress
正切弹性模量 Tangent modulus of elasticity
深井点 deep well point
松岗元-中井屈服准则 Matsuoka-Nakai yield criterion
线膨胀系数 linear expansion coeffcient
无铰拱 hingeless arch
伏斯列夫参数 Hvorslev parameter
喷浆工艺 Shotereting process
湿陷系数 coefficient of collapsibility
耐磨性 resistance to abrasion
假凝 False set
配筋率 ratio of reinforcement
深层沉降观测 deep settlement measurement
雪荷载标准值 characteristic value of snowload
吊车竖向荷载标准值 characteristic value of vertical crane load
螺栓连接钢结构 bolted steel structure
自动焊接 automatic welding
标准贯入试验 standard penetration test
试饼法 Pat test
纤维增强塑料 Fiber reinforced plastics
终凝 Final set
冷弯试验 cold bend inspection of steelbar
单轴抗拉强度 uniaxial tension test
风荷载标准值 characteristi cvalue o fwindload
高效减水剂 Superplasticizer admixture
中热硅酸盐水泥 Moderate heat portland cement
基床系数 coefficient of subgrade reaction
流滑 flow slide
静定分析法(浅基础) static analysis (shallow foundation)
极限平衡状态 state of limit equilibrium
粉煤灰 Fly ash
十字板剪切试验 vane shear test
分离式钢柱 separated steel column
充盈系数 fullness coefficient
动力触探试验 dynamic penetration test
动力布西涅斯克解 dynamic solution of Boussinesq
比热阻(热导率的倒数) Areal thermal resistance(specific thermal resistance)
物板桩结构 sheet pile structure
莫来石凝胶 Tobermorite gel
玻纤网 Glass geogrid
钢构件容许长细比 allowable slenderness ratio of steel member
静止土压力 earth pressue at rest
格构式钢柱 laced of battened compression member
初始正切模量 Initial tangent modulus
终凝时间 final setting time
冰积层 glacial deposit
缀条 lacing bar
短加劲肋 short stiffener
框架结构 frame structure
无筋钢丝网水泥 All mesh ferrocement
发泡能力 Bubbing potential
间断级配材料 Gap-graded aggregate
预制混凝土构件 precast reinforced concrete member
双曲线模型 hyperbolic model
阿勃拉姆规则 Abram's rule
收缩系数 Coefficient of shrinkage
界限偏心距 balanced eccentricity
维勃试验 Vebe test
粒状棉 Granulated wood
波动方程分析 Wave equation analysis
内蕴时间塑性理论 endochronic theory
热摩奇金法 Zemochkin 's method
水化热 Heat of hydration
热处理钢筋 heat tempering bar
轴心受拉性能 Axial tensive property
临界压力 Critical stress
梁端有效支承长度 effective supporting length at end of beam
铰轴支座 hinge support
附加应力 superimposed stress
水泥胶砂流动度 Flow of cement mortar
针状晶体 Needle crystal
弯起钢筋 bent-up steel bar
膨胀水泥混凝土 Expansive cement concrete
辐裂 radial check
受压木构件容许长细比 allowable slenderness ratio of timber compression member
吊车荷载 crane load
绸度 Consistency
销连接 dowelled joint
空斗墙 cavity wall
支承长度限值 limiting value for supporting length
无损检测 nondestructive testing
临界水力梯度 critical hydraulic gradient
混凝土浅梁 reinforced concrete slender beam
桁架拱 trussed rafter
次固结系数 coefficient of secondary consolidation
配筋率 reinforcement ratio
回弹曲线 rebound curve
瞬时沉降 immediate settlement
冷拉钢筋 Cold-drawn reinforcement bar
受力裂缝 Stressed crack
自应力 Magnitude of self-stress
引气剂 Air Entrain Admixture
横向分布钢筋 transversely distributed steelbar
抗震结构层间位移角限值 allowable value of drift angle of earthquake resistant structure
胶合接头 glued joint
拉特屈服准则 Lade yield criterion
铆钉连接 riveted connecction
缓凝减水剂 Set retarding and water-reducing admixture
三角形屋架 triangular roof truss
齿深 depth of notch
可变作用标准值 characteristic value of variable action
单向度压密 one-dimensional consolidation
无侧限抗压强度 unconfined compression strength
双轴向性质 Biaxial behavior
闪凝(瞬间凝结) Flash set
下撑式组合粱 down-stayed composite beam
有效应力 effective stress
无筋砌体构件 masonry member
变形钢筋,螺纹钢 Deformed bar
明德林解 Mindlin 's solution
复合绝热层 Composite insulation
弹性平衡状态 state of elastic equilibrium
混凝土轴心抗拉标准值 characteristic value of concrete tensile strength
中热 Moderate heat of hydration
钢筋拉应变限值 allowable ultimate tensile strain of reinforcement
挠曲二阶效应 second order effect due to displacement
硅酸钙绝热制品 Calcium silicate insulation
魏锡克极限承载力公式 Vesic' s ultimate bearing capacity formula
排水固结法 consolidation
砂浆稠度 consistency of mortar
落球试验法 Ball impact test
骨料 aggregate
砌体质量检验 quality inspection of masonry
气干材 air-dried timber
裂缝宽度容许值 allowable value of crack width
剪面面积 area of shear plane
井字梁 cross beam
吊车梁 crane girder
粒度分布 Particle size distribution
陆相沉积 continental sedimentation
亲水与憎水 Hydrophilic and hydrophobic
焊条 covered electrode
达西定律 Darcy' s law
太沙基固结理论 Terzaghi s consolidation theory
缩聚反应 Condensation polymerization
气孔 blow hole
风振系数 wind fluttering factor
悬壁式挡土墙 cantilever sheet pile wall
复合箍筋 compound stirrup
铆钉连接质量检验 quality inspection of riveted connection
膨胀蛭石 Expanded vermiculite
应力强度因素 Stress intensity factor
不排水抗剪强度 undrained shear strength
广义冯・米赛斯屈服准则 extended von Mises yield criterion
脆性材料 Brittle material
装配整体式混凝土结构 assembled monolithic concrete structure
活荷载折减系数 reducing coefficient of liveload
支承加劲肋 bearing stiffener
换填法 cushion
墙面平整度 degree of plainness for wall surface
不平衡推理传递法 unbalanced thrust transmission method
劈裂强度 Splitting strength
弹性地基梁 elastic foundation beam
年粘土矿物 clay minerals
连肢墙 coupled wall
对数递减率 logrithmic decrement
环形焊缝 circumferential weld
海积层 marine deposit
摩尔包线 Mohr' s envelope
斯宾赛法 Spencer method
碱-集料反应 Alkali-aggregate reaction
聚苯乙烯(PS) Polystyrene
建筑抗震设计 aseismic design
截面扭转刚度 torsional rigidity of section
剪跨比 ratio of shear span to effective depth of section
粘合剂 Binder bonding agent
配筋砌体结构 reinforced masonry structure
费伦纽斯条分法 Fellenius method of slices
临界饱和度 Critical degree of saturation
朗肯土压力理论 Rankine' s earth pressure theory
多孔混凝土 Cellular concrete
横向水平支撑 transverse horizontal bracing
重力荷载代表值 representative value of gravity load
钻芯试验 Core tests
海相沉积 marine deposit
构件变形容许值 allowable value of deformation of structural member
拉伸应变 Tensile strain
砂沸 sand boiling
刻痕钢丝 indented wire
钢筋性能检验 inspection for properties of steelbar
有粘结预应力混凝土结构 bonded prestressed concrete structure
表面起砂 Surface dusting
构件平整度 degree of plainness for structural memer
材料弹性模量 elasticity modulus of materials
砌体强度标准值 characteristic value of masonry strength
制动构件 brake member
双肢柱 double component concrete column
聚氨脂泡沫塑料 Cellular(foamed)polyurethane
坑式托换 pit underpinning
三相土 tri-phase soil
有侧移框架 frame with sidesway
横纹承压强度 compressive strength perpendicular to grain
焊缝质量级别 quality grade of weld
无水石膏(硬石膏) Anhydrite
计算倾覆点 calculating overturning point
表层压密法 surface compaction
延性框架 ductile frame
层板胶合结构 glued laminated timber structure
轻集料 Lightweight aggregates
比阻尼容量 specific gravity capacity
横向焊缝 transverse weld
砖砌体 Brick setting
欧拉临界力 euler's critical load
大模板结构 large-form cocrete structure
柔性连接 flexible connection
加筋土挡墙 reinforced earth bulkhead
磷酸盐 Phosphate
圆弧分析法 circular arc analysis
沥青针入度测定法 Bitumen-determination of penetration
拆模 Formwork removal
钢筋接头 bar splice
静弹性模量 Static modulus
钢构件变形容许值 allowable value of deformation of steel member
纽马克感应图 Newmark chart
库仑方程 Coulomb 's equation
发泡剂 Blowing agent
钙塑绝热板 Calcium-resin insulating board
硅化法 silicification
摩尔-库仑理论 Mohr-Coulomb theory
拔出试验 Pull-out test
修正剑桥模型 modified cambridge model
清华弹塑性模型 Tsinghua elastoplastic model
砖砌体结构 brick masonry structure
太沙基承载力理论 Terzaghi bearing capacity theory
纵向加劲肋 longitudinal stiffener
竖向支撑 vertical bracing
筒中筒结构 tube in tube structure
临塑荷载 critical edge pressure
土工模袋 Fabriform
构件抗弯刚度 flexural stiffness of member
梅耶霍夫极限承载力公式 Meyerhof 's ultimate bearing capacity formula
钢筋锚固长度 anchorage length of steel bar
围限地下水 confined ground water
时间因子 time factor
梯形屋架 trapezoid roof truss
湿法筛分,湿筛析 Wet screening
超弹性模型 hyperelastic model
太沙基-伦杜列克扩散方程 Terzaghi-Rendulic diffusion equation
压型钢板楼板 composite floor with profiled steel sheet
承压水 confined water
振动成型工艺 Vibro-moulding process
材料强度标准值 charaeteristic value of material strength
软土地基 soft clay ground
岩爆 rock burst
层向各向同性体模型 cross anisotropic model
临界状态弹塑性模型 critical state elastoplastic model
装饰砂浆 Decoration mortar
重力式挡土墙 gravity retaining wall
混凝土深梁 reinforced concrete deep beam
低碱水泥 Low PH value cement
有效应力原理 principle of effective stress
瑞典圆弧滑动法 Swedish circle method
片筏基础 mat foundation
空间性能影响系数 influence coefficient for spacial action
弹塑性增量理论 incremental elastoplastic theory
构造配筋 detailing reintorcement
弹性半空间地基模型 elastic half-space foundation model
松香皂树脂 Vinsol resin
旁压试验 pressurementer test
最大集料粒径 Maximum aggregate size
缀材(缀件) lacing and batten elements
理想弹塑性模型 ideal elastoplastic model
悬壁式板桩墙 cantilever sheet pile wall
引气减水剂 Air entraining and water-reducing admixture
缀板 batten plate
泰勒法 Taylor method
四边支承板 four sides(edges)supported plate
质量-弹簧-阻尼器系统 mass-spring-dushpot system
块体空心率 hollow ratio of masonry unit
温度效应 Temperature effects
托换技术 underpinning technique
钙矾石 Ettringite
高炉矿渣 Blast-furnace slag
纤维混凝仁 fiber concrete
石棉绝热制品 Asbestos insulation
刚性支座连续梁 rigidly supported continous girder
原木结构 log timberstructure
地震作用标准值 characteristic value of earthquake action
石棉纤维 Asbestos fibres
限定粒径 constrained diameter
玻璃纤维增强塑料 Fiber-glass reinforced plastics
受弯木构件挠度容许值 allowable value of deflection of timber bending member
表面水 Surface moisture
砖筒拱 cylindrical brick arch
曲率系数 coefficient of curvature
C-S-H中的层间空间 Interlayer space in C-S-H
碱液法 soda solution grouting
截面尺寸限值 limiting value for sectional dimension
毕肖普法 Bishop method
库仑土压力理论 Coulomb 's earth pressure theory
弯曲应力 Bend stress
常水头渗透试验 constant head permeability test
无缝钢管 seamless steel tube
井阻 well resistance
集料孔隙率 Aggregate porosity
水泥砂浆 cement mortar
土工垫 Geomat
界限受压区高度 balanced depth of compression zone
无缝钢管 seamless steel pipe
半自动焊接 semi-automatic welding
架立钢筋 auxiliary steel bar
劈裂灌浆 fracture grouting
破损试验 destructive test
砌体材料最低强度等级 minimum strength class of masonry
加筋间距 Bar spacing
基底附加应力 net foundation pressure
翼缘板 frange plate
扶垛式挡土墙 counterfort retaining wall
型钢 section steel
吊筋 hanging steel bar
夹皮 bark pocket
冲剪破坏 punching shear failure
钢筋搭接长度 lapped length of steel bar
鲍格方程式 Bogue equations
砌块砌体结构 block masonry structure
灌浆法 grouting
拉特-邓肯模型 Lade-Duncan model
切线模量 tangent modulus
快速强度试验 Accelerated strength testing
偏心距增大系数 amplified coefficient of eccentricity
液性指数 liquidity index
初凝时间 presetting time
德鲁克-普拉格准则 Drucker-Prager criterion
无侧移框架 frame without sidesway
挤淤法 displacement method
弹性地基板 elastic foundation plate
木质磺酸盐 Lignosulfonate
刚塑性模型 rigid plastic model
流变学模型 rheological model
混凝土柱 concrete column
振动-真空脱水工艺 Vibrating vacuum-dewater process
布西涅斯克解 Boussinnesq 's solution
钢材强度标准值 characteristic value of strength of steel
冷轧钢 Cold rolled steel
混凝土稠度 concrete consistence
斜纹承压强度 compressive strength at an angle with slope of grain
扬布普遍条分法 Janbu general slice method